Most people do not want surgery to become necessary and the key to avoiding surgery is prevention. Factors that may contribute to the creation of heel spurs include poor fitting shoes, repetitive stress on the feet, being overweight, and having naturally flat feet or high arches. Recognizing these factors and taking steps to improve them, such as choosing a different shoe or using foot orthotics, can save you a lot of pain and decrease your chances of developing spurs that may require heel spur surgery. Exercises and stretching designed to relax and relieve the tension to the ligaments and tendons that surround the heel bone and calf muscle.
People with plantar fasciitis often describe the pain as worse when they get up in the morning or after they’ve been sitting for long periods of time. After a few minutes of walking the pain decreases, because walking stretches the fascia. For some people the pain subsides but returns after spending long periods of time on their feet. Ice. Putting an ice pack on your heel for 20 minutes several times a day helps reduce inflammation. Place a thin towel between the ice and your heel; do not apply ice directly to the skin.
Most people recover full function following a course of conservative care that includes physical therapy, and pain relief. It is important that once the pain is reduced, and motion and strength are restored, the patient gradually returns to full activities. Non-surgical methods are typically effective and reduce the pain associated with this condition. Treatment can take several months until symptoms improve. A regiment of stretching and the use of appropriate footwear is crucial to long term success with this condition. Achilles Tendonitis – in this condition, the tendon along the back of the heel and ankle (Achilles tendon) tears and becomes inflamed causing pain in the back of the heel.
If the X-ray reveals just a broken heel spur, doctors might adhere to the RICE approach. RICE stands for rest, ice, compression and elevation. The patient must take ample rest and refrain from any strenuous physical activity that causes stress to the heel bone. Application of ice packs and compression bandages will also help in reducing the swelling. Keeping the affected leg elevated while sleeping or sitting will also help. One must use crutches and avoid putting weight on the affected foot. Anti-inflammatory drugs are also prescribed for reducing the heel pain. If the injury is severe and this approach doesn’t work well, doctors might recommend heel spur surgery.
Plantar fasciitis is a common foot problem in athletes, especially runners. It starts as a dull intermittent pain in the heel which may progress to a sharp persistent pain. Typically, it is worse in the morning with the first few steps, after sitting or standing, or at the beginning of a sport or activity. Plantar fasciitis usually occurs when part of this inflexible fascia is repeatedly placed under tension, as in running. Repeated tension or overload of the fascia causes inflammation at its attachment point to the heel bone. The inflammation produces pain.
The most common, the easiest and certainly the most affordable of all the heel spur treatments are through the use of ice. This is done by the direct application of ice on the infected area. Aside from ice, other alternatives can also be used as long as it is cold like cans, bottles and compresses. Putting them in them freezer before application is recommended just in case. However, make sure that the ice is not applied for a very long period of time as this can cause the skin to freeze which certainly produces more harm than relief.